Routing is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic and route is the path to send the network traffic.
There are two ways a router learn a route: static and dynamic. The difference between static route and dynamic route is as below. A static route is a route that is manually configured on the router. Simply we can say a static route is a route that is created manually by a network administrator. The information about the networks that are directly connected to the active router interfaces are added to the routing table initially and they are known as connected routes. The second way that the router can learn static routes are by configuring the routes manually.
Dynamic routes are routes that a router learns by using a routing protocol. Routing protocols will learn about routes from other neighbouring routers running the same routing protocol. Dynamic routing protocols share network numbers a router knows about and how to reach these networks. Through this sharing process, a router can learn about all of the reachable network numbers in the network.