Organizations which control Internet, Network Protocols and Standards
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE, pronounced as "eye-triple-e") is an organization which was formed in 1963 in USA. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is the world's largest association for Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) was formed by the merger of two other technical organizations, American Institute of Electrical Engineers and Institute of Radio Engineers in 1st January, 1963. Today, IEEE has about 500,000 members, from different countries in the world.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) develop and maintain standards in every technology field related with electricity. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) develop and maintain Local Area Network (LAN) networking standards including Ethernet (IEEE 802.3 family standards) and Wireless LAN (IEEE 802.11 family standards).
Website - http://www.ieee.org
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) & Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN, pronounced "eye can") is an international non-profit corporation which is in charge of Internet Protocol (IP) address allocation (IPv4 Addresses and IPv6 Addresses), Domain Name allocation (examples, omnisecu.com, msn.com, google.com) Global public Domain Name System management, DNS Root Server maintenance, Port Number allocation etc.
Previously Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) was in control of above functions. Now above functions are under ICANN.
ICANN Website - https://www.icann.org
IANA Website - https://www.iana.org
Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
Internet Architecture Board (IAB, pronounced "i-a-b") defines the architecture for the Internet. The Internet Architecture Board (IAB) purpose is to provide oversight of the architecture for the protocols and other procedures used by the Internet.
Website - https://www.iab.org
Internet Society (ISOC)
The Internet Society (ISOC) is mainly involved in policy, governance, technology, education & training and development of internet.
Following is a quote of from Internet Society (ISOC) website.
"The Internet Society is here to ensure that the Internet continues to develop as an open platform; one that serves the economic, social, and educational needs of individuals throughout the world."
Website - http://www.internetsociety.org
Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) & Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The Internet Research Task Force (IRTF, pronounced as "i-r-t-f") is a technology research organization which is working on focused long-term research on technical topics related to standard Internet protocols, applications, architecture and technology.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF, pronounced as "i-e-t-f") is another organization working to develop the short-term issues of network engineering protocols and standards.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develop the maintain high quality relevant technical standards, mainly network protocols. The network protocol standards are developed under a platform, called as Request for Comments (RFCs).
A Request for Comments (RFC) is a technical publication of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the Internet Society. Request for Comments (RFC) are mainly used to develop a network protocol, a function of a network protocol or any feature which is related with network communication. All the standard network protocols (like, HTTP, FTP, SMTP, TCP, UDP, IP etc.) are defined as RFSs. Individuals may join the IETF working groups to help draft and develop networking standards or network protocol.
IRTF Website - https://irtf.org
IETF Website - https://www.ietf.org
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is global organization working to define technologies related with World Wide Web like HTML, scripting languages, protocols for Web servers etc.
Website - http://www.w3.org